Diwali 2023, Date, Puja Time, History, & SignificanceEdited by: KIRUTHIKA
Diwali 2023: A festival of lights known as Diwali or Deepawali is yearly observed throughout India, with a focus on the north, west, and east. The event honours the victory of right over wrong.
The five-day Diwali celebration in north India begins with Dhanteras on the thirteenth lunar day of the Krishna paksha in the Indian month of Karthik. The celebration of Bhai Dooj, which falls on the 17th lunar day of the Shukla paksha of the Indian month of Karthik, marks the conclusion of the period. The Purimnata calendar is used for both.
Diwali Calendar 2023 | The 5 days of Diwali
|Day 1||Dhanteras||November 10, Friday|
|Day 2||Naraka Chaturdasi (Chotti Diwali)||November 12, Sunday|
|Day 3||Lakshmi Puja (Diwali Festival)||November 12, Sunday|
|Day 4||Govardhan Puja||November 14, Tuesday|
|Day 5||Bhai Dooj||November 15, Wednesday|
Diwali 2023 Puja Timings | On 12th November
|Sunrise||12 November, 2023 06:42 AM.|
|Sunset||12 November, 2023 05:39 PM.|
|Amavasya Tithi Starts||12 November, 2023 02:45 PM.|
|Amavasya Tithi Ends||13 November, 2023 02:57 PM.|
|Pradosha Puja Time||November 12, 05:39 PM – November 12, 08:16 PM|
Deepavali Holidays From 2024 to 2028
|Diwali 2024||Friday||01 November|
|Diwali 2025||Tuesday||21 October|
|Diwali 2026||Sunday||08 November|
|Diwali 2027||Friday||29 October|
|Diwali 2028||Tuesday||17 October|
History of the Diwali
Diwali is one of the most well-known religious festivals in India and is commemorated as a prehistoric occasion. In the past, Deepavali was celebrated as a summer harvest festival that occurred in the Kartik month according to the Hindu calendar. The Sanskrit poet Rajasekhara, who praised the festival and wrote about the customs that are observed like cleaning homes and decorating them with oil lamps and starlit streets and markets.
The Skanda Purana connects the lamps burned during the festival with some of the sun, the primary source of light and energy that adjusts to seasonal changes throughout the Hindu calendar month of Kartik. Hindus in some parts of the nation associate the significance of Diwali with the myth of Yama and Nachiketa, whose tale is recorded in the Katha Upanishad from the first millennium BC. The Katha Upanishad tells the story of true wealth versus temporary wealth, knowledge versus ignorance, and right versus wrong.
Duration of the Festival Known as the Festival of Lights, the celebrations start on the 15th day of Kartikeya in the Hindu calendar month of October or November and last for 5 full days.
The Lights’ of emblems
Electric lights and miniature clay oil lamps are two of the festival’s most significant emblems. They mimic both the spiritual and material components of light.
Importance of Diwali
Diwali is a festival where people light up their homes and businesses. Goddess Lakshmi is revered for her knowledge and wealth, whereas Lord Ganesh is revered for prosperity and well-being. The event, which commemorates Lord Rama’s homecoming after a 14-year exile, usually takes place in the months of November or October. The event is observed for five days in different areas of the nation. It is without a doubt the most well-known Indian holiday, which is celebrated as a celebration of life.
The celebration marks the start of the New Year in a few regions of the nation. The five-day festival of Deepavali follows the schedule listed below:
- For the majority of Indian enterprises, the first day marks the beginning of the new fiscal year. For money, the business class worships the goddess Lakshmi.
- The second day is dedicated to purging. People dress new and take oil baths.
- The new moon occurs on the third day. The Deepavali holiday’s first day is today.
- The Kartika Shudda Padyami falls on the fourth day.
- The fifth day, which marks the festival’s conclusion, symbolizes the affection between sisters and brothers.
List of Five days Diwali celebrations and rituals
The pujas that must be performed during Diwali are listed below:
- Dhanteras: During this festival, people worship Lord Kuber and Goddess Lakshmi. In addition, purchasing gold, silver, or any other metal on this day is seen as fortunate.
- Choti Diwali, also known as Narak Chaturdashi, is the day when it is thought that Lord Krishna slew Narakasura in a battle according to Hindu legend.
- Diwali: People hold Lakshmi Puja at their homes on this day. The primary Diwali festival is celebrated on this day, and after killing Ravana, Lord Rama returned to Ayodhya. People welcome Lakshmi, the goddess of prosperity because they believe she brings luck.
- Following Diwali, people celebrate Govardhan Puja, a day set aside for the adoration of Lord Krishna. People think that Lord Krishna raised the “Govardhan” mountain to shield the people of Mathura from Lord Indra.
- Bhai Dooj: On Bhai Dooj, people honor the close ties that exist between siblings. It is celebrated on the second day of the lunar calendar’s Shukla Paksha, just like Raksha Bandhan.
How is Diwali Celebrated?
The holiday is celebrated for up to five days. Small clay lamps illuminated with oil or electric lights will be used to beautify and clean homes and businesses. People trade confections. Numerous towns and villages will host fairs. Since traditional lunar calendars can be interpreted in a variety of ways, the holiday is observed on diverse dates around the nation. For instance, in Tamil Nadu, Deepavali is celebrated during the Tamil month of Aippasi.
Diwali celebrates in Tamil Nadu
Deepavali, the Festival of Lights of South India, will brighten your life and fill it with joy. It is celebrated on Naraka Chaturdashi, the second day of the five-day Diwali celebration, which falls in the month of Aippasi. The popular holiday is observed in the South Indian states one day earlier than it is in the North, with preparations starting the day before Deepavali. A large oven is cleaned and prepared for an oil bath for the entire family the following day as part of the rituals observed during this well-known Tamil Nadu festival. The house is magnificently decked with lights and kolams (rangolis). The following items are kept: betel leaves, fruits, betel nuts, flowers, kumkum, sandal paste, gingelly oil, turmeric, and perfumed powder.
Public Life during Diwali Holiday 2023
Banks, post offices, and government buildings will be closed on the festival day. Commercial establishments can be closed or operate with fewer hours. Transport is not impacted.
Best places to Celebrate Diwali Festival
Take a look at the top five Indian locations that best showcase the Diwali festival. Below mentioned places are well place to celebrate Diwali festival.
- Jaipur: The most well-known place to travel to during the annual Diwali holidays in Jaipur. The warm glow of the lamps and lights that adorn homes, businesses, and public spaces are what gives Deepavali its true beauty. The finest location to do this is in Jaipur, often known as Pink City. Each year, competitions are held to decorate the city’s streets.
- Goa: The smallest Indian state, Goa, is widely known for its Diwali celebrations. The defeat of the demon Narakasura will be the main focus of the festivities. Competitions are held in every town and city to determine who can create the largest figurine of the devil. Since gambling is a well-known Diwali tradition.
- Varanasi: Varanasi is a beautiful Indian location to celebrate Diwali in 2023. To truly appreciate the festival’s magnificence, be sure to stay at one of Varanasi’s riverside hotels or eateries. The festival’s spectacular Ganga Aarti and clay lamps are its key attractions.
- Kolkata: While many people celebrate Diwali by worshipping the goddess Lakshmi, Kolkata, the capital of West Bengal, celebrates the festival’s major day as Kali Puja. The three Kali temples in the city are Belur Math, Kalighat, and Dakshineswar, and they are frequented by devotees from all over the nation.
- Delhi: During the Diwali holidays, Delhi, the capital of India, is well-known for its shopping. A well-known Diwali Bazaar is organized by Dilli Haat. During the 2023 Diwali vacation, Delhi should be visited if you have an interest in distinctive handicrafts.